Poster Title

Impact of Cry 1F Bacillus Thuringiensis Transgenic Corn Kernels on Laboratory Populations of Indian Meal Moth and Angoumois Grain Moth.

Institution

Eastern Kentucky University

Abstract

A person’s spirituality and belief system are recognized as critical to the development of self-identity and social identification (McDonald & Schreyer, 1991). Aside from religious involvement, leisure is perhaps the most significant domain for the experience of spirituality. The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of spirituality as perceived by persons living with disability. Further, this study examined the interrelatedness between spirituality and leisure activity. This qualitative research study involved open-ended interviews with 14 adults with various disabilities. The results of the study underscore the connection between recreation and spirituality, with activities that involve the natural environment serving as at least one conduit for spiritual experience. Data analysis revealed a relationship between engagement in leisure activities and spirituality. Leisure activities such as camping, canoeing, walking or riding in wooded areas, and gardening were reported by some participants as a way of realizing or accessing feelings of spirituality. This finding is consistent with previous research touting the connectedness of outdoor recreational experiences and spirituality (James, 1936; McDonald, 1989; Tuan, 1975). It is critical to note, however, that some study participants voiced limitations associated with their physical disabilities that rendered them less able to fully experience the outdoors as a means of connecting with or giving voice to their spirituality. Another study finding was the apparent linkage between spirituality and creative activity such as writing, music, and yoga. A compensation effect may explain passive activity selections by some individuals since cerebral activities may be necessitated by the nature of a given disability. Additionally, a sense of community and belongingness was perceived by some participants to be realized through shared recreational activities. Such feelings of community may shape a person’s view of their place in the universe and positively impact on life satisfaction and quality of life.

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Impact of Cry 1F Bacillus Thuringiensis Transgenic Corn Kernels on Laboratory Populations of Indian Meal Moth and Angoumois Grain Moth.

A person’s spirituality and belief system are recognized as critical to the development of self-identity and social identification (McDonald & Schreyer, 1991). Aside from religious involvement, leisure is perhaps the most significant domain for the experience of spirituality. The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of spirituality as perceived by persons living with disability. Further, this study examined the interrelatedness between spirituality and leisure activity. This qualitative research study involved open-ended interviews with 14 adults with various disabilities. The results of the study underscore the connection between recreation and spirituality, with activities that involve the natural environment serving as at least one conduit for spiritual experience. Data analysis revealed a relationship between engagement in leisure activities and spirituality. Leisure activities such as camping, canoeing, walking or riding in wooded areas, and gardening were reported by some participants as a way of realizing or accessing feelings of spirituality. This finding is consistent with previous research touting the connectedness of outdoor recreational experiences and spirituality (James, 1936; McDonald, 1989; Tuan, 1975). It is critical to note, however, that some study participants voiced limitations associated with their physical disabilities that rendered them less able to fully experience the outdoors as a means of connecting with or giving voice to their spirituality. Another study finding was the apparent linkage between spirituality and creative activity such as writing, music, and yoga. A compensation effect may explain passive activity selections by some individuals since cerebral activities may be necessitated by the nature of a given disability. Additionally, a sense of community and belongingness was perceived by some participants to be realized through shared recreational activities. Such feelings of community may shape a person’s view of their place in the universe and positively impact on life satisfaction and quality of life.