Poster Title

Promoting Atraumatic Care of Hospitalized Children through Evidence-Based Nursing Interventions

Presenter Information

Sidney HackerFollow

Grade Level at Time of Presentation

Senior

Institution

Eastern Kentucky University

KY House District #

21

KY Senate District #

21

Department

Department of Baccalaureate and Graduate Nursing

Abstract

Procedural pain is prevalent among hospitalized children from birth to adolescence. Healthcare providers have a responsibility to assess, treat, and evaluate pain. Recommendations from the Institute of Medicine, the Institute for Healthcare Improvement and The Joint Commission, all point to the necessity of meeting a patient’s individualized needs and goals. Inspired by the work of physicians, pharmacists, developmental psychologists, theorists, and nurses, this paper seeks to integrate evidence-based recommendation into the nursing care of hospitalized children undergoing painful procedures in order to lessen trauma associated with painful procedures. A need exists to translate research into practical, efficient ways to provide atraumatic care at the bedside.

A thorough literature review was conducted to determine recommendations for developmentally appropriate, evidence-based interventions to better fulfill the mission of providing care of the highest quality while meeting the needs of the vulnerable patients. These recommendations were used to develop practical interventions that bedside nurses can use to help alleviate procedural pain. They combine science, theory, art, music, and play to better meet children’s individual needs during times of anxiety and pain.

Keywords: atraumatic care, pediatric, pain, non-pharmacologic, distraction, child development

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Promoting Atraumatic Care of Hospitalized Children through Evidence-Based Nursing Interventions

Procedural pain is prevalent among hospitalized children from birth to adolescence. Healthcare providers have a responsibility to assess, treat, and evaluate pain. Recommendations from the Institute of Medicine, the Institute for Healthcare Improvement and The Joint Commission, all point to the necessity of meeting a patient’s individualized needs and goals. Inspired by the work of physicians, pharmacists, developmental psychologists, theorists, and nurses, this paper seeks to integrate evidence-based recommendation into the nursing care of hospitalized children undergoing painful procedures in order to lessen trauma associated with painful procedures. A need exists to translate research into practical, efficient ways to provide atraumatic care at the bedside.

A thorough literature review was conducted to determine recommendations for developmentally appropriate, evidence-based interventions to better fulfill the mission of providing care of the highest quality while meeting the needs of the vulnerable patients. These recommendations were used to develop practical interventions that bedside nurses can use to help alleviate procedural pain. They combine science, theory, art, music, and play to better meet children’s individual needs during times of anxiety and pain.

Keywords: atraumatic care, pediatric, pain, non-pharmacologic, distraction, child development