Title

Nunca silenciado: la historia de Hip Hop en Chile

Presenter Information

Gavin GalanesFollow

Academic Level at Time of Presentation

Senior

Major

Spanish

Minor

History

List all Project Mentors & Advisor(s)

Dr. Robert Fritz

Presentation Format

Oral Presentation

Abstract/Description

Nunca silenciado: la historia del Hip Hop en Chile

The idea of music as a form of expression is important in Chilean culture when we consider the fundamental right of freedom of expression. Although Chile is a democratic state today, the effects of Pinochet’s military regime are still felt throughout the country today in the form of newspaper, television, and cinematographic censorship. Scholars agree that Hip Hop in Chile resembles elements of Hip Hop from other cultures, including its use as a form of social commentary, but little research has been done on what makes the Hip Hop movement in Chile unique from the Hip Hop movement in other countries. My paper will focus not only on how Hip Hop was used as a form of expression in Chile’s oppressive society, but what sets it apart from other forms of Hip Hop. By examining Rodrigo Bernal’s first-hand experience of being a multiethnic Hip Hop artist in Chile, the controversial lyrics of French-Chilean rapper, Ana Tijoux, and historical events in Chile that prompted artistic movements, I will demonstrate the divergence of Chilean Hip Hop from mainstream Hip Hop in other parts of the world like the United States. My paper will argue that although Chilean Hip Hop was influenced by other cultures, it is unique in terms of its transnationality and multiculturalism, political function to overcome censorship, pure content, and diverse demographic of artists. My research shows that Chilean Hip Hop was molded from outside Chile’s borders in countries like Sweden and France during the Chilean diaspora. Many Chilean Hip Hop artists grew up in low class, culturally diverse neighborhoods in other countries which shaped their identities and passion for music. Upon returning to Chile, artists like Rodrigo Bernal and Ana Tijoux used their talents and experiences to fuel the Hip Hop movement within Chile and gain global recognition.

Affiliations

Modern Languages Senior Colloquium

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Nunca silenciado: la historia de Hip Hop en Chile

Nunca silenciado: la historia del Hip Hop en Chile

The idea of music as a form of expression is important in Chilean culture when we consider the fundamental right of freedom of expression. Although Chile is a democratic state today, the effects of Pinochet’s military regime are still felt throughout the country today in the form of newspaper, television, and cinematographic censorship. Scholars agree that Hip Hop in Chile resembles elements of Hip Hop from other cultures, including its use as a form of social commentary, but little research has been done on what makes the Hip Hop movement in Chile unique from the Hip Hop movement in other countries. My paper will focus not only on how Hip Hop was used as a form of expression in Chile’s oppressive society, but what sets it apart from other forms of Hip Hop. By examining Rodrigo Bernal’s first-hand experience of being a multiethnic Hip Hop artist in Chile, the controversial lyrics of French-Chilean rapper, Ana Tijoux, and historical events in Chile that prompted artistic movements, I will demonstrate the divergence of Chilean Hip Hop from mainstream Hip Hop in other parts of the world like the United States. My paper will argue that although Chilean Hip Hop was influenced by other cultures, it is unique in terms of its transnationality and multiculturalism, political function to overcome censorship, pure content, and diverse demographic of artists. My research shows that Chilean Hip Hop was molded from outside Chile’s borders in countries like Sweden and France during the Chilean diaspora. Many Chilean Hip Hop artists grew up in low class, culturally diverse neighborhoods in other countries which shaped their identities and passion for music. Upon returning to Chile, artists like Rodrigo Bernal and Ana Tijoux used their talents and experiences to fuel the Hip Hop movement within Chile and gain global recognition.