JDJCSET | Sigma Xi Poster Competition

Title

Examining the Relationship between Inattention, Impulsivity, and Externalizing Behaviors in Children: Does Intelligence Play a Role?

Presenter Information

Carrie Blackeye-HallFollow

Academic Level at Time of Presentation

Graduate

Major

Clinical Psychology

Minor

none

List all Project Mentors & Advisor(s)

Dr. Michael Bordieri

Presentation Format

Poster Presentation

Abstract/Description

Abstract

There is a well-established link between Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorders (CD). Individuals that tend to be more inattentive and impulsive may begin to act out as they age, thus exhibiting more problematic externalizing behaviors. Intelligence may also be a factor in this relationship between inattentive and externalizing behaviors. While there has been research highlighting the role of IQ in the relationship between externalizing and inattentive behaviors in individuals with intellectual disabilities, the literature on the role of average intelligence in this relationship is lacking. This study gathered data using archival clinical files from the Murray State University Psychological Center, which provides counseling services to MSU students, faculty, staff, and community members. The participants for the sample consisted of mostly Caucasian (93%) males (60%) in the 4th grade (M= 4.03, SD= 2.40) seeking an assessment (N = 76). Measures of externalizing behaviors and attentional problems were gathered from the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and a measure of general cognitive ability (GAI) was gathered from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children- Fourth Edition (WISC-IV). A moderation analysis explored how the strength of the relationship between inattentive, impulsive, and externalizing behaviors changed as intelligence varies. It was hypothesized that the relationship between impulsivity and externalizing behaviors would be more pronounced when intelligence is lower. Results and implications for clinical practice will be discussed.

Keywords: Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder (CD), Externalizing behaviors, Inattentive, Impulsive, Intelligence, Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children- Fourth Edition (WISC-IV)

Affiliations

Sigma Xi Poster Competition--ONLY

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Examining the Relationship between Inattention, Impulsivity, and Externalizing Behaviors in Children: Does Intelligence Play a Role?

Abstract

There is a well-established link between Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorders (CD). Individuals that tend to be more inattentive and impulsive may begin to act out as they age, thus exhibiting more problematic externalizing behaviors. Intelligence may also be a factor in this relationship between inattentive and externalizing behaviors. While there has been research highlighting the role of IQ in the relationship between externalizing and inattentive behaviors in individuals with intellectual disabilities, the literature on the role of average intelligence in this relationship is lacking. This study gathered data using archival clinical files from the Murray State University Psychological Center, which provides counseling services to MSU students, faculty, staff, and community members. The participants for the sample consisted of mostly Caucasian (93%) males (60%) in the 4th grade (M= 4.03, SD= 2.40) seeking an assessment (N = 76). Measures of externalizing behaviors and attentional problems were gathered from the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and a measure of general cognitive ability (GAI) was gathered from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children- Fourth Edition (WISC-IV). A moderation analysis explored how the strength of the relationship between inattentive, impulsive, and externalizing behaviors changed as intelligence varies. It was hypothesized that the relationship between impulsivity and externalizing behaviors would be more pronounced when intelligence is lower. Results and implications for clinical practice will be discussed.

Keywords: Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder (CD), Externalizing behaviors, Inattentive, Impulsive, Intelligence, Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children- Fourth Edition (WISC-IV)