This study shows how American companies have used cheap labor in the past and present to do smaller jobs or to make individual pieces or parts that were to be put together and used in larger products. This cheap labor came from both foreign and domestic sources. In recent times, however, these companies have picked up and moved their entire productions outside of the United States greatly impacting the American economy and workers. These moves have been called outsourcing or off-shoring and have played a major part in the decline of some of the larger manufacturing cities such as Detroit, Michigan. These moves have also created some new emerging markets that are predicted to overtake the American market by 2040. This has also helped foreign economies such as China, India, and Mexico, but it has also had an impact on the American workers who have had to deal with layoffs and job losses. This study also shows how mechanization, robotics, and contract employees have added to the continuing job losses.
Keywords: Outsorcing, Off-shoring, Illegal Immigration, Legal Immigration, Mechanization, Self Checkouts, Robotics, Layoffs
Year Manuscript Completed
Senior Project Advisor
Tricia Jordan, PhD
Bachelor of Integrated Studies Degree
Field of Study
Commerce & Leadership
Proctor, Brian and Proctor, Brian, "Cheap Labor and the Effects on the American Economy and Worker" (2021). Integrated Studies. 365.