Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)



Autism, considered the fastest-growing, most-recognized neurological disorder in the world was and is known by many names, including Infantile Autism, Childhood, Schizophrenia, Infantile Autism, Pervasive Development disorder, Asperger’s Syndrome (AS), Asperger Disorder (AD), High Functioning Autism (HFA), and now ASD. Autism can be severe with an intellectual disability (ID) with the need for life-long intervention and care, or High-Functioning as in Asperger’s Syndrome where an individual may live an independent and successful life. This neurological deficit is in most cases accompanied by other physiological or neurological disorders. These are considered comorbidities, i.e., digestive issues, sleep disorders, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Fragile X Syndrome, and Tuberous Sclerosis. ASD has been recognized as early as 18 months of age, but historically between 18-24 months. Often it is recognized early by a parent, but diagnosis or recognition can be delayed until preschool or kindergarten. Cultural norms or demographics often cause this delay. There have been numerous theories as to the cause of ASD, some have been unfounded or even proven wrong. What decades of research have proven to date, is that a family’s history and genetic makeup are prominent factors.

Year Manuscript Completed

Spring 2024

Senior Project Advisor

Tricia Jordan, PhD

Degree Awarded

Bachelor of Integrated Studies Degree

Field of Study

Social Sciences

Document Type


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