Murray State Theses and Dissertations


As bullying type behaviors have increased in recent years, many school districts have responded by implementing rigid zero-tolerance policies that punish students with no regard toward situational or social contexts. These policies have been shown to have many negative social, psychological, and academic consequences. Numerous social and developmental factors involved in bullying-type situations make it necessary to gather information on both the frequency and the social contexts in which they occur: exhibiting these behaviors toward close friends versus exhibiting these behaviors toward individuals who are not close friends. Of particular interest is if students exhibit bullying-type behaviors more often in the presence of friends, which could indicate that these behaviors are not being exhibited with malicious intent, but instead of part of normal adolescent culture within groups.

Year manuscript completed


Year degree awarded


Author's Keywords

adolescent behavior, perceptions, bullying, social context

Committee Chair

Mardis Dunham

Committee Member

Sean Simons

Committee Member

Samir Patel

Document Type