Murray State Theses and Dissertations


The purpose of this research was to investigate the significance of the choice of gender normed scoring on the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) (Derogatis, 1993) when assessing cisgender and trans* or gender non-conforming individuals. This study compared two groups, cisgender and trans* individuals, on male and female gender normed scoring for the BSI. Each participant’s responses on the BSI were scored using both male and female norms and the number of clinically significant elevations (T-score ≥ 63) was counted. Results indicated that regardless of gender identity or sex-assigned-at-birth (SAAB), a higher mean number of elevations was found when using male norms.

Year manuscript completed


Year degree awarded


Author's Keywords

Brief Symptom Inventory, BSI, gender norms, gender non-conforming, transgender

Committee Chair

Laura Liljequist

Committee Member

Joshua Adair

Committee Member

Michael Bordieri

Committee Member

Sean Rife

Document Type