Stereotype threat refers to the risk of conforming to a stereotype regarding a group one belongs to. This threat has been heavily studied with negative stereotypes on performance-based tasks (e.g., math), and encompasses the anxiety one may feel due to being associated with the negative stereotype (Steele & Aronson, 1995). The present project sought to expand upon current literature in several ways. First, this project sought to assess whether fake stereotypes elicit stereotype threat like real stereotypes do. Second, this project examined whether fake stereotype threat works with positive stereotypes as well as negative. Third, this study examined how group identification influenced the effects of stereotype threat. This was accomplished via a controlled experiment with random assignment. It was expected that stereotype threat would work with fake stereotypes, and that performance would vary based on which stereotype the participant was presented with (positive or negative). Additionally, it was expected that identification would exacerbate the effects of stereotype threat on the performance-based task. Results indicated that there was no significant difference between stereotype conditions on reading comprehension performance, and that there was no moderating effect of identification.
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stereotype, fake stereotypes, stereotype threat, performance, reading comprehension
Hodges, Jessica, "CAN IT BE DONE? EXAMINING STEREOTYPE THREAT WITH FAKE STEREOTYPES" (2021). Murray State Theses and Dissertations. 200.