Murray State Theses and Dissertations


This study aimed to identify if virtual observations of preservice teachers could be an effective alternative means for universities to use when observing students in their various education practicums. If found to be effective, universities could use virtual observations in place of in-person observation as a cost-saving measure during times of financial instability. Additionally, the findings could allow universities to market their teacher preparation programs nationally where states have closed their teacher preparation programs in response to the national teacher shortage. Two surveys were used: The Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy Scale and a Likert scale to determine the perceived efficacy and attitudes of the 54 participants. Findings revealed a strong correlation between a student’s certification area and efficacy. Additionally, correlations were found between a student’s placement and general attitude towards virtual observations. In conclusion, virtual observations can be an effective alternative to in-person observation with better training of university supervisors in conducting virtual observations.

Year manuscript completed


Year degree awarded


Author's Keywords

education, student teaching, virtual observations, efficacy, COVID-19

Dissertation Committee Chair

Mardis Dunham

Committee Member

Amanda Holland

Committee Member

Michelle Conrad

Document Type