Date on Honors Thesis

Winter 12-2020


Communication Disorders

Examining Committee Member

Alison Brown, Advisor

Examining Committee Member

Susan Brown, Committee Member

Examining Committee Member

Kelly Vaughan, Committee Member


This research was conducted to determine the differences and similarities between the therapeutic techniques used with male-to-female versus female-to-male transgender voice clients resulting from their existing and potentially changing anatomy and physiology. It was also conducted to determine the potential impacts of gender stereotyping on therapeutic techniques and a client’s therapeutic course. A review of the literature suggests that although there are quite a few similarities between the therapeutic techniques of male-to-female and female-to-male voice clients, there are crucial differences in these techniques that must also be considered. A few of the differences include considering a degree of change based on the client’s original vocal capabilities and qualities, the ways in which pitch can be elevated or decreased, and the different places in which the client must resonate their voice. Additionally, this review reveals that a speech-language pathologist who is not educated in gender diversity or who has their own biases on gender, may negatively impact the course and progress of their client. For this reason, speech-language pathologists should take the time to educate themselves about the LGBTQ community, gender biases, and societal ideologies that may harm their clients. They should also remove their own bias and idea of gender from their therapeutic courses of action and allow the client to express their own wants and needs regarding their voice and communication skills. Future research needs to be conducted regarding the long-term effects of vocal therapy for female-to-male individuals, as most research has been heavily focused on male-to-female voice changes and long-term effects.