Poster Title

Contributing Factors leading to Suicide in Children: Kentucky 2005-2016

Presenter Information

Sydney AdkissonFollow

Grade Level at Time of Presentation

Junior

Major

Public Health and Psychology

Institution

University of Kentucky

KY House District #

25

KY Senate District #

10

Department

Departmetn of Epidemiology

Abstract

Abstract

Introduction: Suicide regularly ranks among the top ten leading causes of death in the United States. In ages 10 to 24, suicide is the second leading cause of death. The purpose of this study was to develop a coding scheme to determine reoccurring contributing factors in child suicides from 2005-2016 in Kentucky. Research is limited in the United States on suicides in children and more specifically precipitating circumstances leading to a child dying by suicide.

Methods: We used the Kentucky Violent Death Reporting System data from 2005-2016. A subset of cases was generated that included all child suicides in children aged 10-21. A mixed method statistical approach is being used; the first step is a thematic qualitative using the narrative reports from death scene investigators. Once themes have been identified, and a coding scheme developed, reoccurring contributing factors to suicides were coded for further quantitative analysis.

Discussion: Suicide is a widespread public health issue. With rates of suicide rising education and raising awareness about contributing factors to suicide in children and young adults is critical. The general public, specifically parents, guardians, family members, educators, and other mandatory reporters should be aware of the signs and factors that could contribute to a suicide, in order to prevent these tragic deaths.

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Contributing Factors leading to Suicide in Children: Kentucky 2005-2016

Abstract

Introduction: Suicide regularly ranks among the top ten leading causes of death in the United States. In ages 10 to 24, suicide is the second leading cause of death. The purpose of this study was to develop a coding scheme to determine reoccurring contributing factors in child suicides from 2005-2016 in Kentucky. Research is limited in the United States on suicides in children and more specifically precipitating circumstances leading to a child dying by suicide.

Methods: We used the Kentucky Violent Death Reporting System data from 2005-2016. A subset of cases was generated that included all child suicides in children aged 10-21. A mixed method statistical approach is being used; the first step is a thematic qualitative using the narrative reports from death scene investigators. Once themes have been identified, and a coding scheme developed, reoccurring contributing factors to suicides were coded for further quantitative analysis.

Discussion: Suicide is a widespread public health issue. With rates of suicide rising education and raising awareness about contributing factors to suicide in children and young adults is critical. The general public, specifically parents, guardians, family members, educators, and other mandatory reporters should be aware of the signs and factors that could contribute to a suicide, in order to prevent these tragic deaths.