Murray State University

Poster Title

Seroprevalence and Titer Concentration Testing for Leptospirosis in Equine

Presenter Information

Ashley HimmelsbaughFollow

Major

Equine Science

Institution 22-23

Murray State University

Department

Agriculture

Abstract

The most common best management practice used to combat diseases in horses is vaccination, which can decrease the incidence or severity of illness. However, the duration of immunity will vary for each vaccination and must be considered for revaccination purposes. Titer concentration, which evaluates antibodies in the blood, may be a helpful way of determining how long an animal has immunity to a disease. Leptospirosis, a zoonotic, bacterial disease, can result in uveitis, potentially leading to blindness, and abortion in mares. One serovar, Leptospirosis pomona (L. pomona), is associated with most cases of clinical disease in horses in North America. There is one approved vaccine, specific for L. pomona, currently available for this disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the immune response in horses to the L. pomona vaccine.

Forty previously unvaccinated horses from the Murray State University Equine Center were used in this study. None had previously documented issues with uveitis or abortion. Blood was drawn and serum removed for evaluation of leptospirosis titers. Horses were then divided into TRT (vaccinated, n=20) or CON (not vaccinated, n=20), and TRT horses were vaccinated for leptospirosis. Blood samples were collected from 37 (TRT n=20; CON n=17) horses 14 d post-vaccination. Horses in the TRT group received booster vaccines 3 wk after the first vaccination. Blood samples were again collected from 37 horses 14 d post booster. At each collection, 20 ml of blood were collected by jugular venipuncture into 2 red top vacutainer® tubes. Samples were centrifuged and serum removed within 24 hours. Serum was delivered to the Breathitt Veterinary Center and either analyzed within 48 hours or frozen until analysis could be completed. Descriptive statistics were used to evaluate the results.

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Seroprevalence and Titer Concentration Testing for Leptospirosis in Equine

The most common best management practice used to combat diseases in horses is vaccination, which can decrease the incidence or severity of illness. However, the duration of immunity will vary for each vaccination and must be considered for revaccination purposes. Titer concentration, which evaluates antibodies in the blood, may be a helpful way of determining how long an animal has immunity to a disease. Leptospirosis, a zoonotic, bacterial disease, can result in uveitis, potentially leading to blindness, and abortion in mares. One serovar, Leptospirosis pomona (L. pomona), is associated with most cases of clinical disease in horses in North America. There is one approved vaccine, specific for L. pomona, currently available for this disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the immune response in horses to the L. pomona vaccine.

Forty previously unvaccinated horses from the Murray State University Equine Center were used in this study. None had previously documented issues with uveitis or abortion. Blood was drawn and serum removed for evaluation of leptospirosis titers. Horses were then divided into TRT (vaccinated, n=20) or CON (not vaccinated, n=20), and TRT horses were vaccinated for leptospirosis. Blood samples were collected from 37 (TRT n=20; CON n=17) horses 14 d post-vaccination. Horses in the TRT group received booster vaccines 3 wk after the first vaccination. Blood samples were again collected from 37 horses 14 d post booster. At each collection, 20 ml of blood were collected by jugular venipuncture into 2 red top vacutainer® tubes. Samples were centrifuged and serum removed within 24 hours. Serum was delivered to the Breathitt Veterinary Center and either analyzed within 48 hours or frozen until analysis could be completed. Descriptive statistics were used to evaluate the results.