Title

Music Therapy Intervention to Reduce Pain and Anxiety in the Hospital

Presenter Information

Victoria StewartFollow

Academic Level at Time of Presentation

Senior

Major

Nursing

Presentation Format

Poster Presentation

Abstract/Description

A patient in the prep-operative, intraoperative, and postoperative time will have pain and anxiety because they are the most common symptoms. Hence, they are the top priorities for a nursing intervention. After reviewing pain and anxiety intervention for those in a prep-operative, intraoperative, and postoperative time frames, there was no current policy for music therapy specific intervention. Therefore, I purpose a policy question of: How effective is music therapy in the prep-operative, intraoperative, and postoperative time frames in reducing pain and anxiety? Through analyzing the evidence based research of music therapy effectiveness, the results were the following: decrease in amount of medication use in the intraoperative and post-operative time frame, decrease overall pain score on the numeric pain scale and McGill Pain questionnaire, and decrease overall anxiety score on the State – Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). In conclusion, music is an effective intervention to reducing pain and anxiety in the hospital setting. With the benefits of being cost effective and has zero side effects.

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Music Therapy Intervention to Reduce Pain and Anxiety in the Hospital

A patient in the prep-operative, intraoperative, and postoperative time will have pain and anxiety because they are the most common symptoms. Hence, they are the top priorities for a nursing intervention. After reviewing pain and anxiety intervention for those in a prep-operative, intraoperative, and postoperative time frames, there was no current policy for music therapy specific intervention. Therefore, I purpose a policy question of: How effective is music therapy in the prep-operative, intraoperative, and postoperative time frames in reducing pain and anxiety? Through analyzing the evidence based research of music therapy effectiveness, the results were the following: decrease in amount of medication use in the intraoperative and post-operative time frame, decrease overall pain score on the numeric pain scale and McGill Pain questionnaire, and decrease overall anxiety score on the State – Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). In conclusion, music is an effective intervention to reducing pain and anxiety in the hospital setting. With the benefits of being cost effective and has zero side effects.