Academic Level at Time of Presentation

Senior

Major

Nursing

Presentation Format

Poster Presentation

Abstract/Description

This project examines the ability of mechanical compression devices, such as the popular LUCAS device, to produce the desired outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) when compared to manual chest compression performed by a CPR certified individual. For the purpose of this project, desired outcomes include correct compression rate and depth according to American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines, return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in the patient, long term survival of patients who achieve ROSC, and prevention of serious physical damage related to chest compressions. Data from multiple research studies comparing outcomes of mechanical compression devices and manual chest compression was reviewed in order to determine the efficacy of mechanical compression devices. After reviewing the research data, I concluded that mechanical compression devices can perform compressions that are more consistent with the current American Heart Association guidelines than manual chest compression. I also concluded that there is an association between improved short-term survival rates and physiological outcomes when mechanical compression devices were used for CPR. Finally, it is important to note that there is still an urgent need for more high-quality research to be performed to determine the effects mechanical compression devices have on long term survival rates and positive patient outcomes.

Spring Scholars Week 2019 Event

Senior Nursing Poster Session

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The Efficacy of Mechanical Compression Devices in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

This project examines the ability of mechanical compression devices, such as the popular LUCAS device, to produce the desired outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) when compared to manual chest compression performed by a CPR certified individual. For the purpose of this project, desired outcomes include correct compression rate and depth according to American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines, return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in the patient, long term survival of patients who achieve ROSC, and prevention of serious physical damage related to chest compressions. Data from multiple research studies comparing outcomes of mechanical compression devices and manual chest compression was reviewed in order to determine the efficacy of mechanical compression devices. After reviewing the research data, I concluded that mechanical compression devices can perform compressions that are more consistent with the current American Heart Association guidelines than manual chest compression. I also concluded that there is an association between improved short-term survival rates and physiological outcomes when mechanical compression devices were used for CPR. Finally, it is important to note that there is still an urgent need for more high-quality research to be performed to determine the effects mechanical compression devices have on long term survival rates and positive patient outcomes.

 

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