JCSET | Sigma Xi Poster Competition

Title

Visualizing The Relationships Between Highways and Nearby Neighborhoods in Major Midwest Cities in the United States (2000 and 2010)

Presenter Information

Cole FletcherFollow

Academic Level at Time of Presentation

Graduate

Major

Archaeology

Presentation Format

Poster Presentation

Abstract/Description

The development of major roadways has been shown to negatively impact nearby neighborhoods, especially minority neighborhoods. Oftentimes these areas see an increase in poverty. This project aims to help visualize this issue, utilizing the United States Census Bureau for data, in multiple cities. U.S. Census Block data for 2000 and 2010 from three midwest cities, St. Louis, Chicago, and Detroit, will be utilized for this project. The buffer tool in ArcGIS Pro will be utilized to find blocks within close proximity (half a mile to one mile) to major roadways within these cities. On average, one mile reaches eight north-south city blocks and sixteen east-west city blocks. Blocks outside of these buffer zones are thought to be unlikely affected by the development of major roadways; however, it is not ruled out that some areas outside the buffer zone may show similar data to areas that are within the buffer. Multiple maps will be created to visualize the impact these major roadways may have on nearby neighborhoods. Areas within and outside the buffer zones will be compared by median household income. The impact of major roadways on nearby neighborhoods is important to study as the United States considers adding and updating its current infrastructure.

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Sigma Xi Poster Competition

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Visualizing The Relationships Between Highways and Nearby Neighborhoods in Major Midwest Cities in the United States (2000 and 2010)

The development of major roadways has been shown to negatively impact nearby neighborhoods, especially minority neighborhoods. Oftentimes these areas see an increase in poverty. This project aims to help visualize this issue, utilizing the United States Census Bureau for data, in multiple cities. U.S. Census Block data for 2000 and 2010 from three midwest cities, St. Louis, Chicago, and Detroit, will be utilized for this project. The buffer tool in ArcGIS Pro will be utilized to find blocks within close proximity (half a mile to one mile) to major roadways within these cities. On average, one mile reaches eight north-south city blocks and sixteen east-west city blocks. Blocks outside of these buffer zones are thought to be unlikely affected by the development of major roadways; however, it is not ruled out that some areas outside the buffer zone may show similar data to areas that are within the buffer. Multiple maps will be created to visualize the impact these major roadways may have on nearby neighborhoods. Areas within and outside the buffer zones will be compared by median household income. The impact of major roadways on nearby neighborhoods is important to study as the United States considers adding and updating its current infrastructure.