Editor's Notes

Within Keep the Faith Not the Guilt: Demonization of Sex Workers, Hodges studies how religious attitudes affect views toward sexual topics that tend to be more conservative or negative. In addition to this, the student looks into how one's sexual guilt may be the mediating influence between religiosity and negative sexual attitudes.


Previous research shows that religiosity and attitudes about sexual topics are strongly correlated and typically negative. That is, as religiosity increases, views toward sexual topics tend to become more conservative or generally more negative in valence. However, current research also suggests that one’s sexual guilt may be the mediating influence in the relationship between religiosity and negative sexual attitudes. The present study seeks to replicate and extend research that examined the extent to which an individual's religiosity and sexual guilt influence their perspective of pornography and sex workers (Study 1). To replicate this (Study 2), a survey containing relevant measures will be distributed to undergraduate participants as well as individuals from Amazon.com’s MTurk.


Ashdown, B. K., Hackathorn, J. M., & Daniels, J. (2018). Scandalous: Christian identification, sex guilt, and the mediated demonization of the participants in the Ashley Madison scandal. The Journal of Social Psychology, 159(3), 244-256. doi: 10.1080/00224545.2018.1461603

Cauterucci, C. (2016). Utah declares porn a “public health crisis,” furthering a Mormon myth about porn addiction. Retrieved from https://slate.com/human-interest/2016/04/utah-declares-porn-a-public-health-crisis-furthering-a-mormon-myth-about-porn-addiction.html

Connors, G. J., Tonigan, J. S., & Miller, W. R. (1996). A measure of religious background and behavior for use in behavior change research. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 10(2), 90-96.

Davidson, J. K., Moore, N. B., & Ullstrup, K. M. (2004). Religiosity and sexual responsibility: Relationships of choice. American Journal of Health Behavior, 28(4), 335-346.

Edger, K. (2012). Evangelicalism, sexual morality, and sexual addiction: Opposing views and continued conflicts. Journal of Religion and Health, 51, 162-178. doi: 10.1007/s10943-010-9338-7

Efrati, Y. (2019). God I can't stop thinking about sex! The rebound effect in unsuccessful suppression of sexual thoughts among religious adolescents. The Journal of Sex Research, 56(2), 146-155.

Evans-DeCicco, J. A., & Cowan, G. (2001). Attitudes toward pornography and the characteristics attributed to pornography actors. Sex Roles, 44(5/6), 351-361.

Hackathorn, J., Ashdown, B. K., & Rife, S. (2015). The sacred bed: Sex guilt mediates religiosity and satisfaction for unmarried people. Sexuality & Culture, 20, 153-172. doi: 10.1007/s12119-015-9315-0

Hackathorn, J., Daniels, J., Ashdown, B. K., & Rife, S. (2017). From fear and guilt: Negative perceptions of Ashley Madison users. Psychology & Sexuality, 8(1-2), 41-54. doi: 10.1080/19419899.2017.1316767

Hayes, A. F. (2018). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach (2nd ed.). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Janda, L. H., & Bazemore, S. D. (2011). The revised Mosher Sex-Guilt Scale: Its psychometric properties and a proposed ten-item version. The Journal of Sex Research, 48(4), 392-396. doi: 10.1080/00224499.2010.482216

Murray-Swank, N. A., Pargament, K. I., & Mahoney, A. (2005). At the crossroads of sexuality and spirituality: The sanctification of sex by college students. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 15(3), 199-219. doi: 10.1207/s15327582ijpr1503_2

Perry, S. L., & Whitehead, A. L. (2018). Only bad for believers? Religion, pornography use, and sexual satisfaction among American men. The Journal of Sex Research, 56, 50-61. doi: 10.1080/00224499.2017.1423017

van Proojen, J. W., & van de Veer, E. (2010). Perceiving pure evil: The influence of cognitive load and prototypical evilness on demonizing. Social Justice Research, 23, 259-271. doi: 10.1007/s11211-010-0119-y



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.