Vermiculture is the cultivation of worms to produce compost. Worm farming for agricultural purposes uses specific worms that consume the organic waste in which they live and breed. Vermicomposting is biotechnology for the conversion of wastes into nutrient-rich agriculture amendments. The application of these amendments can improve the physical, biological, and chemical properties of the soil. Worm excrement enhances soil health, which improves plant health. When our plant and crop performance are enhanced, we see increased yields and improved quality. Vermicompost can boost crop production without the synthetic fertilizers that pollute our environment and decrease the health of people and plants.

Vermicompost production recycles food trash, paper sludge, livestock manure, and yard debris. This action reduces the expansion of landfills and returns the waste to the earth as a valuable fertilizer. Vermiculture has been referred to as the 'Second Green Revolution' by replacing harsh chemical inputs with organic matter. Other environmental benefits are the decreased use of water irrigation, improved pest resistance, and reduced weed growth. The biodiversity of increased microorganisms in our soils is supported by vermicompost. Vermiculture biotechnology expounds on the importance of environmental sustainability and economic stability.

Keywords: vermiculture, compost, sustainability, agriculture, biotechnology

Year Manuscript Completed

Fall 2021

Senior Project Advisor

Dr. Trish Jordan

Degree Awarded

Bachelor of Integrated Studies Degree

Field of Study

Agricultural Studies

Document Type