ORCA General Oral Presentation Session (Virtual)

Title

Reversible Inhibition of Mycobacterial DnaB Protein Splicing by Zinc

Presenter Information

Gabrielle HardisonFollow

Academic Level at Time of Presentation

Senior

Major

Biology, Pre-Medicine

Minor

Chemistry

List all Project Mentors & Advisor(s)

Christopher Lennon, PhD.

Presentation Format

Oral Presentation

Abstract/Description

Inteins are emerging as post-translational regulatory elements, undergoing conditional protein splicing in response to a variety of environmental cues. Inteins are seamlessly removed by self-splicing from the flanking exteins which they interrupt. DnaB of Mycobacterium smegmatis, a helicase essential for replication, harbors two inteins known as DnaBi1 and DnaBi2, each with discrete structural characteristics and insertion positions. DnaBi1 was used here to design a reporter system which links splicing with resistance to the antibiotic known as kanamycin. We built a construct that strictly requires catalytically active DnaBi1 for survival in the presence of kanamycin and used this construct to probe for factors that influence splicing in vivo of M. smegmatis, the native context of the intein. We show that zinc, biologically relevant during mycobacterial pathogenesis, is a potent inhibitor of DnaBi1 in vivo, and using a separate reporter system, that zinc inhibits DnaBi1 in vitro. We present the crystal structure of DnaBi1 bound to zinc, and finally propose a model of zinc mediated DnaBi1 splicing inhibition during mycobacterial infection.

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Reversible Inhibition of Mycobacterial DnaB Protein Splicing by Zinc

Inteins are emerging as post-translational regulatory elements, undergoing conditional protein splicing in response to a variety of environmental cues. Inteins are seamlessly removed by self-splicing from the flanking exteins which they interrupt. DnaB of Mycobacterium smegmatis, a helicase essential for replication, harbors two inteins known as DnaBi1 and DnaBi2, each with discrete structural characteristics and insertion positions. DnaBi1 was used here to design a reporter system which links splicing with resistance to the antibiotic known as kanamycin. We built a construct that strictly requires catalytically active DnaBi1 for survival in the presence of kanamycin and used this construct to probe for factors that influence splicing in vivo of M. smegmatis, the native context of the intein. We show that zinc, biologically relevant during mycobacterial pathogenesis, is a potent inhibitor of DnaBi1 in vivo, and using a separate reporter system, that zinc inhibits DnaBi1 in vitro. We present the crystal structure of DnaBi1 bound to zinc, and finally propose a model of zinc mediated DnaBi1 splicing inhibition during mycobacterial infection.