University of Louisville

Poster Title

Inducing Cognitive Reflection and its Impact on Contradictory Belief Holding

Grade Level at Time of Presentation

Senior

Major

Psychology

Minor

Biology

Institution

University of Louisville

KY House District #

HO40

KY Senate District #

35

Department

Psychological & Brain Sciences

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate potential ways to induce cognitive reflection among participants and to see if inducing cognitive reflection can improve participants’ ability to recognize contradictions within their beliefs. Cognitive reflection is the ability to suppress an intuitive and incorrect answer in favor of the more reflective and correct answer. The cognitive reflection test (CRT) consists of 3 questions that each have an intuitive answer that is incorrect. The goal of the test is to assess a person’s ability to utilize cognitive reflection in order to find the correct answer although it is not the instinctual response.

This study will include two experimental conditions and one control condition in order to test two possible options for inducing cognitive reflection. The conditions include feedback between each question on the CRT, one initial prompt prior to the CRT, or no CRT. We hypothesize that the feedback and prompt conditions will improve CRT performance compared to the control condition. Contradictory belief holding will be assessed following completion of the CRT by measuring the amount of “yea-yeaing”. Yea-yeaing is when a participant agrees with both a statement and its opposite. We predict that inducing a person’s cognitive reflection abilities will decrease the amount of contradictions they will endorse.

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Inducing Cognitive Reflection and its Impact on Contradictory Belief Holding

The purpose of this study is to investigate potential ways to induce cognitive reflection among participants and to see if inducing cognitive reflection can improve participants’ ability to recognize contradictions within their beliefs. Cognitive reflection is the ability to suppress an intuitive and incorrect answer in favor of the more reflective and correct answer. The cognitive reflection test (CRT) consists of 3 questions that each have an intuitive answer that is incorrect. The goal of the test is to assess a person’s ability to utilize cognitive reflection in order to find the correct answer although it is not the instinctual response.

This study will include two experimental conditions and one control condition in order to test two possible options for inducing cognitive reflection. The conditions include feedback between each question on the CRT, one initial prompt prior to the CRT, or no CRT. We hypothesize that the feedback and prompt conditions will improve CRT performance compared to the control condition. Contradictory belief holding will be assessed following completion of the CRT by measuring the amount of “yea-yeaing”. Yea-yeaing is when a participant agrees with both a statement and its opposite. We predict that inducing a person’s cognitive reflection abilities will decrease the amount of contradictions they will endorse.